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Proceedings Paper

Patterned wafer geometry (PWG) metrology for improving process-induced overlay and focus problems
Author(s): Timothy A. Brunner; Yue Zhou; Cheuk W. Wong; Bradley Morgenfeld; Gerald Leino; Sunit Mahajan
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Paper Abstract

Prime silicon wafers are ideal substrates for lithographic patterning, with tight flatness specifications for focus control. Process engineers are painfully aware that in-process product wafers can substantially depart from this ideal substrate. Wafer processing can induce non-flatness leading to focus problems, or distort the wafer leading to overlay issues. Thus processes from outside the lithography sector can impact yield by ruining lithographic pattern quality. Double-sided optical interferometric metrology is the standard method to assess the flatness of blank silicon wafers. In the last several years, a similar Patterned Wafer Geometry (PWG) metrology tool is able to measure in-process patterned wafers. The apparent surface seen by an interferometer may be different than the true surface due to transparent thin films, a discrepancy that we call "false topography". Modeling results will demonstrate the use of a thin opaque film to reduce the problem. PWG metrology offers compelling advantages for the practical investigation of process-induced focus and overlay problems. The paper will include several examples of process learning from PWG metrology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9780, Optical Microlithography XXIX, 97800W (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2218630
Show Author Affiliations
Timothy A. Brunner, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)
Yue Zhou, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)
Cheuk W. Wong, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)
Bradley Morgenfeld, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)
Gerald Leino, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)
Sunit Mahajan, GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9780:
Optical Microlithography XXIX
Andreas Erdmann; Jongwook Kye, Editor(s)

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