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Proceedings Paper

Multi-site study of diffusion metric variability: effects of site, vendor, field strength, and echo time on regions-of-interest and histogram-bin analyses
Author(s): K. G. Helmer; M.-C. Chou; R. I. Preciado; B. Gimi; N. K. Rollins; A. Song; J. Turner; S. Mori
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Paper Abstract

It is now common for magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) based multi-site trials to include diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) as part of the protocol. It is also common for these sites to possess MR scanners of different manufacturers, different software and hardware, and different software licenses. These differences mean that scanners may not be able to acquire data with the same number of gradient amplitude values and number of available gradient directions. Variability can also occur in achievable b-values and minimum echo times. The challenge of a multi-site study then, is to create a common protocol by understanding and then minimizing the effects of scanner variability and identifying reliable and accurate diffusion metrics. This study describes the effect of site, scanner vendor, field strength, and TE on two diffusion metrics: the first moment of the diffusion tensor field (mean diffusivity, MD), and the fractional anisotropy (FA) using two common analyses (region-of-interest and mean-bin value of whole brain histograms). The goal of the study was to identify sources of variability in diffusion-sensitized imaging and their influence on commonly reported metrics. The results demonstrate that the site, vendor, field strength, and echo time all contribute to variability in FA and MD, though to different extent. We conclude that characterization of the variability of DTI metrics due to site, vendor, field strength, and echo time is a worthwhile step in the construction of multi-center trials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9788, Medical Imaging 2016: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 97882U (29 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2217445
Show Author Affiliations
K. G. Helmer, Athinoula A. Martinos Ctr. for Biomedical Imaging (United States)
Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Harvard Medical School (United States)
M.-C. Chou, Kaohsiung Medical Univ. (Taiwan)
R. I. Preciado, Athinoula A. Martinos Ctr. for Biomedical Imaging (United States)
B. Gimi, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth (United States)
N. K. Rollins, Univ. of Texas, Southwestern Medical Ctr. at Dallas (United States)
A. Song, Duke Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
J. Turner, The MIND Research Network (United States)
S. Mori, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9788:
Medical Imaging 2016: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Barjor Gimi; Andrzej Krol, Editor(s)

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