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Proceedings Paper

Laser nano-surgery for neuronal manipulation (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Hori Pada Sarker; Lalit Chudal; Vasu Mahapatra; Young-tae Kim; Samarendra K. Mohanty

Paper Abstract

Optical manipulation has enabled study of bio-chemical and bio-mechanical properties of the cells. Laser nanosurgery by ultrafast laser beam with appropriate laser parameters provides spatially-targeted manipulation of neurons in a minimal invasiveness manner with high efficiency. We utilized femto-second laser nano-surgery for both axotomy and sub-axotomy of rat cortical neurons. Degeneration and regeneration after axotomy was studied with and without external growth-factor(s) and biochemical(s). Further, axonal injury was studied as a function of pulse energy, exposure and site of injury. The ability to study the response of neurons to localized injury opens up opportunities for screening potential molecules for repair and regeneration after nerve injury. Sub-axotomy enabled transient opening of axonal membrane for optical delivery of impermeable molecules to the axoplasm. Fast resealing of the axonal membrane after sub-axotomy without significant long-term damage to axon (monitored by its growth) was observed. We will present these experimental results along with theoretical simulation of injury due to laser nano-surgery and delivery via the transient pore. Targeted delivery of proteins such as antibodies, genes encoding reporter proteins, ion-channels and voltage indicators will allow visualization, activation and detection of the neuronal structure and function.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 April 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9690, Clinical and Translational Neurophotonics; Neural Imaging and Sensing; and Optogenetics and Optical Manipulation, 96902M (26 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216393
Show Author Affiliations
Hori Pada Sarker, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Lalit Chudal, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Vasu Mahapatra, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Young-tae Kim, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Samarendra K. Mohanty, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9690:
Clinical and Translational Neurophotonics; Neural Imaging and Sensing; and Optogenetics and Optical Manipulation
Steen J. Madsen; E. Duco Jansen; Samarendra K. Mohanty; Nitish V. Thakor; Qingming Luo; Victor X. D. Yang, Editor(s)

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