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Proceedings Paper

New directions in GaN photonics
Author(s): Ge Yuan; Cheng Zhang; Kanglin Xiong; Sunghyun Park; Jung Han
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a novel conductivity based selective electrochemical etching to introduce nanometer sized pores into GaN. By controlling the doping and electrochemical etching bias, we are able to control the pore morphology. The nanoporous (NP) GaN can be considered a new form of GaN with an unprecedented tunability in optical index We show the potential of this NPGaN to overcome the optical and epitaxial limitations of AlGaN, which has been the bottleneck for GaN-based laser diodes for decades. The advantages of NP-GaN for both vertical surfaceemitting laser diodes (VCSEL) and edge-emitting laser diodes are exhibited in subsequent sections. We first demonstrate the record high reflectances (R > 99.5 %) from epitaxial NP-GaN mirrors, which are used in a low threshold optically pumped VCSEL. We then show a two-fold increase of modal gain in an edge-emitting waveguide geometry with optical confinement Γ engineering. The increase of the Γ also leads to a two-fold reduction in the threshold power density under optical pumping with a threshold material gain of 400 cm-1, which is more than two times lower than previously reported (> 1,000 cm-1).

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 February 2016
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 9748, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices XI, 97480Q (29 February 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2214365
Show Author Affiliations
Ge Yuan, Yale Univ. (United States)
Cheng Zhang, Yale Univ. (United States)
Kanglin Xiong, Yale Univ. (United States)
Sunghyun Park, Yale Univ. (United States)
Jung Han, Yale Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9748:
Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices XI
Jen-Inn Chyi; Hiroshi Fujioka; Hadis Morkoç; Yasushi Nanishi; Ulrich T. Schwarz; Jong-In Shim, Editor(s)

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