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The synergistic effects of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with glycated chitosan for inhibiting the metastasis of breast cancer
Author(s): Hsin-Yu Chiu; Jyh-Der Leu; Wei R. Chen; Yi-Jang Lee
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Paper Abstract

Breast cancer is increasing with years in Taiwan because of dietary style, life behavior and several social-physiological factors. According to the record of Bureau of Health Promotion in Taiwan, the incidence of breast cancer is top one, and the mortality of that is top one cancer type in women. Compared with USA, most of breast cancer cases found in Taiwanese women have reached to stage 2 or 3. Current therapeutic strategies for breast cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and targeted therapy. However, these methods used for curing the late-stage breast cancer remains rare. Because the metastasis is the major problem of late-stage breast cancer, it is of interest to investigate whether a systemic therapy can reduce the symptoms of cancer. The immunotherapy, particularly an induction of autoimmune system, is probably important for the treatment of late-stage breast cancer.

Glycated chitosan (GC) is derived from chitosan, a linear polysaccharide composed of D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine through β–(1-4) linkage. Several lines of evidence have shown that GC is an immunoadjuvant that can target on primary and metastatic tumors formed in animal and human patients. In our previous data, GC was demonstrated to decrease the motility and invasion of mammalian breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is dependent on a small generator that delivers high frequency alternating electric current directly to burn a tumor lesion. Therefore, the temperature may reach up to above 60 °C. In this study, we used 4T1 mouse breast cancer cell that is the approximately equal to stage 4 of human breast cancer. And triple modality reporter gene (3R) was delivered into the cells using transfected piggyBac, a transposable element for observation of tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Data showed that growth and metastasis of tumors smaller than 500mm3 were entirely suppressed by RFA-GC combination treatment. Plasma extraction from this group displayed an inhibitory effect on cultured 4T1 cells, suggesting some immunoreactions were triggered and therefore secreted some cytokines. Protein array data indicated that PF-4 may play a key role in GC-RFA caused tumor suppression but the further effects should be investigated. On the other hand, the survival rate of small tumor-bearing mice under RFA-GC treatment was higher than those of GC or RFA treatment only.

In conclusion, this study confirmed that radiofrequency ablation combined with GC could trigger an autoimmune response to inhibit tumor metastasis and tumorigenesis. For metastatic cancers, this combination treatment may become the foundation for a feasible cancer treatment modality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9709, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XI, 97090R (9 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2213838
Show Author Affiliations
Hsin-Yu Chiu, National Yang-Ming Univ. (Taiwan)
Jyh-Der Leu, Taipei City Hospital (Taiwan)
Wei R. Chen, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Yi-Jang Lee, National Yang-Ming Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9709:
Biophotonics and Immune Responses XI
Wei R. Chen, Editor(s)

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