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Proceedings Paper

Photodynamic inactivation of contaminated blood with Staphylococcus aureus
Author(s): Thaila Quatrini Corrêa; Natalia Mayumi Inada; Sebastião Pratavieira; Kate Cristina Blanco; Cristina Kurachi; Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
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Paper Abstract

The presence of bacteria in the bloodstream can trigger a serious systemic inflammation and lead to sepsis that cause septic shock and death. Studies have shown an increase in the incidence of sepsis over the years and it is mainly due to the increased resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics, since these drugs are still sold and used improperly. The bacterial contamination of blood is also a risk to blood transfusions. Thus, bacteria inactivation in blood is being studied in order to increase the security of the blood supply. The purpose of this study was to decontaminate the blood using the photodynamic inactivation (PDI). Human blood samples in the presence of Photogem® were illuminated at an intensity of 30 mW/cm2, and light doses of 10 and 15 J/cm2. Blood counts were carried out for the quantitative evaluation and blood smears were prepared for qualitative and morphological evaluation by microscopy. The results showed normal viability values for the blood cells analyzed. The light doses showed minimal morphological changes in the membrane of red blood cells, but the irradiation in the presence of the photosensitizer caused hemolysis in red blood cells at the higher concentrations of the photosensitizer. Experiments with Staphylococcus aureus, one of the responsible of sepsis, showed 7 logs10 of photodynamic inactivation with 50 μg/mL and 15 J/cm2 and 1 log10 of this microorganism in a co-culture with blood.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2016
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9694, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXV, 969414 (1 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2213701
Show Author Affiliations
Thaila Quatrini Corrêa, Federal Univ. of São Carlos (Brazil)
Univ. of São Paulo (Brazil)
Natalia Mayumi Inada, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Sebastião Pratavieira, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Kate Cristina Blanco, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Cristina Kurachi, Federal Univ. of São Carlos (Brazil)
Univ. of São Paulo (Brazil)
Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Federal Univ. of São Carlos (Brazil)
Univ. of São Paulo (Brazil)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9694:
Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXV
David H. Kessel; Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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