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Proceedings Paper

Spatial structure and density of states of transmission eigenchannels
Author(s): Zhou Shi; Matthieu Davy; Chushun Tian; Azriel Z. Genack
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Paper Abstract

We explore the spatial profile of the ensemble average of the energy density of eigenchannels of the transmission matrix within random diffusive media using computer simulations and nonperturbative diagrammatic technique. A symmetrical profile with a peak in the middle of the sample is found for the fully transmitting eigenchannel and is shown to be closely related to a position dependent diffusion coefficient of the open media. We show that the average spatial profile of each transmission eigenchannel when normalized by the profile of the completely transmitting eigenchannel depends only upon the value of transmission through the corresponding eigenchannel. A universal expression for the average spatial profile is given in terms of the auxiliary localization lengths determined from transmission eigenvalues and position dependent diffusion coefficient. These lengths were first introduced by Dorokhov to describe the scaling of transmission and conductance through disordered media. Though direct measurement of energy distribution within a scattering medium is generally difficult, we demonstrate in microwave measurements that the integrated energy density stored in the media of each eigenchannel can be determined from the measurements of spectra of the transmission matrix. The derivative of the composite phase of the eigenchannels with respect to the angular frequency yields the contribution to the density of states (DOS) from the individual transmission eigenchannels. This is proportional to integrated energy stored and the dwell time of the transmission eigenchannel. The DOS determined from the transmission eigenchannel is shown to be in good agreement with DOS obtained by analyzing the field spectra into quasi-normal modes of the open medium. These results provide a path towards controlling the energy deposition within a scattering medium.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2016
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9717, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems II, 971710 (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2211741
Show Author Affiliations
Zhou Shi, Queens College of the City Univ. of New York (United States)
Matthieu Davy, Institut d'Electronique et des Télécommunications de Rennes, Univ. of Rennes 1 (France)
Chushun Tian, Tsinghua Univ. (China)
Azriel Z. Genack, Queens College of the City Univ. of New York (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9717:
Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems II
Thomas G. Bifano; Joel Kubby; Sylvain Gigan, Editor(s)

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