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Proceedings Paper

Fluorenyl benzothiadiazole and benzoselenadiazole near-IR fluorescent probes for two-photon fluorescence imaging (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Kevin D. Belfield; Sheng Yao; Bosung Kim; Xiling Yue

Paper Abstract

Imaging biological samples with two-photon fluorescence (2PF) microscopy has the unique advantage of resulting high contrast 3D resolution subcellular image that can reach up to several millimeters depth. 2PF probes that absorb and emit at near IR region need to be developed. Two-photon excitation (2PE) wavelengths are less concerned as 2PE uses wavelengths doubles the absorption wavelength of the probe, which means 2PE wavelengths for probes even with absorption at visible wavelength will fall into NIR region. Therefore, probes that fluoresce at near IR region with high quantum yields are needed. A series of dyes based on 5-thienyl-2, 1, 3-benzothiadiazole and 5-thienyl-2, 1, 3-benzoselenadiazole core were synthesized as near infrared two-photon fluorophores. Fluorescence maxima wavelengths as long as 714 nm and fluorescence quantum yields as high as 0.67 were achieved. The fluorescence quantum yields of the dyes were nearly constant, regardless of solvents polarity. These diazoles exhibited large Stokes shift (<114nm), high two-photon absorption cross sections (up to 2,800 GM), and high two-photon fluorescence figure of merit (FM , 1.04×10-2 GM). Cells incubated on a 3D scaffold with one of the new probes (encapsulated in Pluronic micelles) exhibited bright fluorescence, enabling 3D two-photon fluorescence imaging to a depth of 100 µm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 May 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9723, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications VIII, 972303 (3 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2211199
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin D. Belfield, New Jersey Institute of Technology (United States)
Sheng Yao, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Bosung Kim, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Xiling Yue, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9723:
Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications VIII
Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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