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Proceedings Paper

A case study on the urban impervious surface distribution based on a BCI index
Author(s): Xiaolin Chen; Genyun Sun; Zhenjie Wang
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Paper Abstract

Endmember selection is the key to success in pixel unmixing which plays an important role in urban impervious surface abundance extraction. During the extraction, however, there has been a problem for the discrimination of impervious surfaces and soils because of their similarity in spectral. This increase the difficulty in distinguishes impervious surface and soil in endmember selection. To address this issue, in the current study, the biophysical composition index (BCI) and soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) were introduced to enhance the information of impervious surface and bare soil in the study area. Then, by selecting high albedo, low albedo, soil and vegetation endmembers with the utilization of the histogram of the indices and minimum noise fraction (MNF) scatter plot, we applied spectral mixture analysis (SMA) to extract impervious surface abundance. The scene of multispectral Landsat TM image was acquired allowing for the interpretation and analysis of impervious surfaces distribution. Experiments and comparisons indicate that this method performs well in estimating subpixel impervious surface distribution with relatively high precision and small bias.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 December 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9811, MIPPR 2015: Multispectral Image Acquisition, Processing, and Analysis, 981117 (17 December 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2209434
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaolin Chen, China Univ. of Petroleum (East China) (China)
Genyun Sun, China Univ. of Petroleum (East China) (China)
Zhenjie Wang, China Univ. of Petroleum (East China) (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9811:
MIPPR 2015: Multispectral Image Acquisition, Processing, and Analysis
Jinxue Wang; Zhiguo Cao; Jayaram K. Udupa; Henri Maître, Editor(s)

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