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Proceedings Paper

Diffusion-sensitive optical coherence tomography for real-time monitoring of mucus thinning treatments
Author(s): Richard L. Blackmon; Silvia M. Kreda; Patrick R. Sears; Lawrence E. Ostrowski; David B. Hill; Brian S. Chapman; Joseph B. Tracy; Amy L. Oldenburg
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Paper Abstract

Mucus hydration (wt%) has become an increasingly useful metric in real-time assessment of respiratory health in diseases like cystic fibrosis and COPD, with higher wt% indicative of diseased states. However, available in vivo rheological techniques are lacking. Gold nanorods (GNRs) are attractive biological probes whose diffusion through tissue is sensitive to the correlation length of comprising biopolymers. Through employment of dynamic light scattering theory on OCT signals from GNRs, we find that weakly-constrained GNR diffusion predictably decreases with increasing wt% (more disease-like) mucus. Previously, we determined this method is robust against mucus transport on human bronchial epithelial (hBE) air-liquid interface cultures (R2=0.976). Here we introduce diffusion-sensitive OCT (DS-OCT), where we collect M-mode image ensembles, from which we derive depth- and temporally-resolved GNR diffusion rates. DS-OCT allows for real-time monitoring of changing GNR diffusion as a result of topically applied mucus-thinning agents, enabling monitoring of the dynamics of mucus hydration never before seen. Cultured human airway epithelial cells (Calu-3 cell) with a layer of endogenous mucus were doped with topically deposited GNRs (80x22nm), and subsequently treated with hypertonic saline (HS) or isotonic saline (IS). DS-OCT provided imaging of the mucus thinning response up to a depth of 600μm with 4.65μm resolution, over a total of 8 minutes in increments of ≥3 seconds. For both IS and HS conditions, DS-OCT captured changes in the pattern of mucus hydration over time. DS-OCT opens a new window into understanding mechanisms of mucus thinning during treatment, enabling real-time efficacy feedback needed to optimize and tailor treatments for individual patients.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9697, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XX, 969724 (8 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2208805
Show Author Affiliations
Richard L. Blackmon, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Silvia M. Kreda, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Patrick R. Sears, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Lawrence E. Ostrowski, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
David B. Hill, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Brian S. Chapman, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
Joseph B. Tracy, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
Amy L. Oldenburg, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9697:
Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XX
Joseph A. Izatt; James G. Fujimoto; Valery V. Tuchin, Editor(s)

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