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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Minimizing the environmental disasters through sustainable development strategies: an African sample
Author(s): Valentine James

Paper Abstract

The ecological systems of Africa are facing tremendous pressure due to development.

Planned and deliberate development efforts usually pay great dividends because the environment is usually taken into consideration during the planning, construction, and implementation phases of such development.

The operationalization of sustainable development concepts provide a mechanism for safeguarding against the negative ramification of extraction of natural resources and the placement of structures (urbanization) in the natural environment. In this paper, the author discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of sustainable development in Africa. The author uses a case study in Kakum, Ghana to illustrate how the theory of sustainable development is operationalized in order sustain communities, protect the natural environment from the disasters of development and to sustain the economy and culture of a society.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2005
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9664, Ninth International Topical Meeting on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics, 966424 (24 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.2207790
Show Author Affiliations
Valentine James, Fayetteville State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9664:
Ninth International Topical Meeting on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics
François Flory, Editor(s)

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