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Proceedings Paper

Nano-engineered flexible pH sensor for point-of-care urease detection
Author(s): A. Sardarinejad; D. K. Maurya; C. Y. Tay; B. J. Marshall; K. Alameh
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Paper Abstract

Accurate pH monitoring is crucial for many applications, such as, water quality monitoring, blood monitoring, chemical and biological analyses, environmental monitoring and clinical diagnostic. The most common technique for pH measurement is based on the use of conventional glass pH electrodes. Glass electrodes have several limitations, such as mechanical fragility, large size, limited shapes and high cost, making them impractical for implementation as Lab-onchips and pH sensor capsules. Various metal oxides, such as RuO2, IrO2, TiO2, SnO2, Ta2O5 and PdO have recently been proposed for the realization of pH sensing electrodes. Specifically, ruthenium oxide exhibits unique properties including thermal stability, excellent corrosion resistance, low hysteresis high sensitivity, and low resistivity. In this paper, we demonstrate the concept of a miniaturized ion selective electrode (ISE) based pH sensor for point-of-care urease monitoring. The sensor comprises a thin film RuO2 on platinum sensing electrode, deposited using E-beam and R.F. magnetron sputtering, in conjunction with an integrated Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The performance and characterization of the developed pH/urea sensors in terms of sensitivity, resolution, reversibility and hysteresis are investigated. Experimental results show a linear potential-versus-urea-concentration response for urea concentrations in the range 0 - 180 mg/ml. Experimental results demonstrate super-Nernstian slopes in the range of 64.33 mV/pH - 73.83 mV/pH for RF sputtered RuO2 on platinum sensing electrode using a 80%:20% Ar:O2 gas ratio. The RuO2 sensor exhibits stable operation and fast dynamic response, making it attractive for in vivo use, wearable and flexible biomedical sensing applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9668, Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Systems, 96684T (22 December 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2203158
Show Author Affiliations
A. Sardarinejad, Edith Cowan Univ. (Australia)
D. K. Maurya, Edith Cowan Univ. (Australia)
C. Y. Tay, The Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
B. J. Marshall, The Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
K. Alameh, Edith Cowan Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9668:
Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Systems
Benjamin J. Eggleton; Stefano Palomba, Editor(s)

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