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Proceedings Paper

Development of myoelectric control type speaking valve with low flow resistance
Author(s): Katsutoshi Ooe; Kohei Sakurai; Shinya Mimaki
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Paper Abstract

We aimed to develop welfare devices for patients with phonation disorder. One of these devices is the electrical controltype speaking valve system. The conventional speaking valves have one-way valve architecture, they open when the user breathes in, and they close when user breathes out and produce voices. This type is very simple and tough, but some users feel closeness in case of exhalation without phonation. This problem is caused by its mechanism what can not be controlled by user’s will. Therefore, we proposed an electrical control-type speaking valve system to resolve this problem. This valve is controlled by neck myoelectric signal of sternohyoid muscle. From our previous report, it was clarified that this valve had better performance about easy-to-breath. Furthermore, we proposed the compact myoelectric control-type speaking valve system. The new-type speaking valve was enough small to attach the human body, and its opening area is larger than that of conventional one. Additionally, we described the improvement of flow channel shape by using of FEM analysis. According to the result of the analysis, it was clarified that the shape-improved speaking valve gets the low flow resistance channel in case of inspiration. In this report, we tried to make the flow resistance lower by the shape of current plates, in case of both inspiration and exhalation. From the result of FEM analysis, our speaking valve could get better flow channel than older one.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9668, Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Systems, 96682N (22 December 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2202604
Show Author Affiliations
Katsutoshi Ooe, Daiichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Kohei Sakurai, Daiichi Institute of Technology (Japan)
Shinya Mimaki, Daiichi Institute of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9668:
Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Systems
Benjamin J. Eggleton; Stefano Palomba, Editor(s)

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