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Proceedings Paper

Retrieval of absorptive gas columnar amounts using atmospheric hyper-spectral irradiance measurements within visible spectrum
Author(s): Hua Xu; Zhengqiang Li; Donghui Li; Yisong Xie; Kaitao Li; Lili Qie; Ying Zhang; Xingfeng Chen; Xiaobin Zheng; Xin Li; Yanna Zhang
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Paper Abstract

A hyper spectral ground-based instrument named Atmosphere-Surface Radiation Automatic Instrument (ASRAI) has been developed for the purpose of in-situ calibration of satellites. The apparatus has both upward and downward looking views, and thus can observe both the atmosphere and land surface. The solar transmitted irradiance can be derived from the measured full spectral irradiance and diffused spectral irradiance of atmosphere within visible spectrum (0.4-1.0μm). A method similar to that of King et al. which originally intended to apply to multi-wavelength measurements, is adopted to determine absorptive gaseous columnar amount from hyper spectrum. The solar irradiance at top of atmosphere and absorption coefficients of water vapor (H2O), ozone (O3), oxygen (O2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are recalculated at an instrumental spectral resolution by convolution method. Based on the gaseous characteristics of absorption, the total columnar amounts of water vapor and oxygen are first inferred from solar transmitted irradiance at strong absorption wavelength of 0.934μm and 0.763μm respectively. The total columnar amounts of ozone and nitrogen dioxide, together with aerosol optical depth, are determined by a nonlinear least distance fitting method which minimizes a χ2 statistic to obtain optimal solutions. ASRAI was deployed for observation in Dunhuang site in China in August of 2014. Our results demonstrate that the algorithm is reasonable. Although the validation is preliminary, the hyper spectrum measured by ASRAI exhibits good ability to retrieve the abundance of absorptive gases and aerosols.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9678, AOPC 2015: Telescope and Space Optical Instrumentation, 96780T (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2199638
Show Author Affiliations
Hua Xu, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Zhengqiang Li, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Donghui Li, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Yisong Xie, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Kaitao Li, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Lili Qie, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Ying Zhang, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Xingfeng Chen, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China)
Xiaobin Zheng, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Xin Li, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Yanna Zhang, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9678:
AOPC 2015: Telescope and Space Optical Instrumentation
Bin Xiangli; Dae Wook Kim; Suijian Xue, Editor(s)

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