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Proceedings Paper

High content cell-based assay for the inflammatory pathway
Author(s): Abhishek Mukherjee; Joon Myong Song
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Paper Abstract

Cellular inflammation is a non-specific immune response to tissue injury that takes place via cytokine network orchestration to maintain normal tissue homeostasis. However chronic inflammation that lasts for a longer period, plays the key role in human diseases like neurodegenerative disorders and cancer development. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the inflammatory pathways may be effective in targeting and modulating their outcome. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that effectively combines the pro-inflammatory features with the pro-apoptotic potential. Increased levels of TNF-α observed during acute and chronic inflammatory conditions are believed to induce adverse phenotypes like glucose intolerance and abnormal lipid profile. Natural products e. g., amygdalin, cinnamic acid, jasmonic acid and aspirin have proven efficacy in minimizing the TNF-α induced inflammation in vitro and in vivo. Cell lysis-free quantum dot (QDot) imaging is an emerging technique to identify the cellular mediators of a signaling cascade with a single assay in one run. In comparison to organic fluorophores, the inorganic QDots are bright, resistant to photobleaching and possess tunable optical properties that make them suitable for long term and multicolor imaging of various components in a cellular crosstalk. Hence we tested some components of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway during TNF-α induced inflammation and the effects of aspirin in HepG2 cells by QDot multicolor imaging technique. Results demonstrated that aspirin showed significant protective effects against TNF-α induced cellular inflammation. The developed cell based assay paves the platform for the analysis of cellular components in a smooth and reliable way.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 July 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9523, International Conference on Nano-Bio Sensing, Imaging, and Spectroscopy 2015, 952303 (8 July 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2197461
Show Author Affiliations
Abhishek Mukherjee, Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Joon Myong Song, Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9523:
International Conference on Nano-Bio Sensing, Imaging, and Spectroscopy 2015
Donghyun Kim; Min-Gon Kim; Seung-Han Park, Editor(s)

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