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Proceedings Paper

Multi-band algorithms for the estimation of chlorophyll concentration in the Chesapeake Bay
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Paper Abstract

Standard blue-green ratio algorithms do not usually work well in turbid productive waters because of the contamination of the blue and green bands by CDOM absorption and scattering by non-algal particles. One of the alternative approaches is based on the two- or three band ratio algorithms in the red/NIR part of the spectrum, which require 665, 708, 753 nm bands (or similar) and which work well in various waters all over the world. The critical 708 nm band for these algorithms is not available on MODIS and VIIRS sensors, which limits applications of this approach. We report on another approach where a combination of the 745nm band with blue-green-red bands was the basis for the new algorithms. A multi-band algorithm which includes ratios Rrs(488)/Rrs(551)and Rrs(671)/Rrs(745) and two band algorithm based on Rrs671/Rrs745 ratio were developed with the main focus on the Chesapeake Bay (USA) waters. These algorithms were tested on the specially developed synthetic datasets, well representing the main relationships between water parameters in the Bay taken from the NASA NOMAD database and available literature, on the field data collected by our group during a 2013 campaign in the Bay, as well as NASA SeaBASS data from the other group and on matchups between satellite imagery and water parameters measured by the Chesapeake Bay program. Our results demonstrate that the coefficient of determination can be as high as R2 > 0.90 for the new algorithms in comparison with R2 = 0.6 for the standard OC3V algorithm on the same field dataset. Substantial improvement was also achieved by applying a similar approach (inclusion of Rrs(667)/Rrs(753) ratio) for MODIS matchups. Results for VIIRS are not yet conclusive.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 October 2015
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9638, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2015, 96380A (14 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2195725
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander Gilerson, The City College of New York (United States)
Michael Ondrusek, NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (United States)
Maria Tzortziou, The City College of New York (United States)
Robert Foster, The City College of New York (United States)
Ahmed El-Habashi, The City College of New York (United States)
Surya Prakash Tiwari, Red Sea Research Ctr. (Saudi Arabia)
Sam Ahmed, The City College of New York (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9638:
Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2015
Charles R. Bostater; Stelios P. Mertikas; Xavier Neyt, Editor(s)

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