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Proceedings Paper

Time-series MODIS satellite and in-situ data for spatio-temporal distribution of aerosol pollution assessment over Bucharest metropolitan area
Author(s): Maria A. Zoran; Roxana S. Savastru; Dan M. Savastru
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Paper Abstract

With the increasing industrialization and urbanization, especially in the metropolis regions, aerosol pollution has highly negative effects on environment. Urbanization is responsible of three major changes that may have impact on the urban atmosphere: replacement of the natural surfaces with buildings and impermeable pavements, heat of anthropogenic origin and air pollution. The importance of aerosols for radiative and atmospheric chemical processes is widely recognized. They can scatter and/or absorb solar radiation leading to changes of the radiation budget. Also, the so-called indirect effect of aerosols describes the cloud-aerosol interactions, which can modify the chemical and physical processes in the atmosphere. Their high spatial variability and short lifetime make spaceborne sensors especially well suited for their observation. Remote sensing is a key application in global-change science and urban climatology. Since the launch of the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) there is detailed global aerosol information available, both over land and oceans The aerosol parameters can be measured directly in situ or derived from satellite remote sensing observations. All these methods are important and complementary. The objective of this work was to document the seasonal and inter-annual patterns of the aerosol pollution particulate matter in two size fractions (PM10 and PM2.5) loading and air quality index (AQI) over Bucharest metropolitan area in Romania based on in-situ and MODIS (Terra–Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectoradiometer) satellite time series data over 2010-2012 period. Accurate information of urban air pollution is required for environmental and health policy, but also to act as a basis for designing and stratifying future monitoring networks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9640, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX, 964019 (16 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2195477
Show Author Affiliations
Maria A. Zoran, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Roxana S. Savastru, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)
Dan M. Savastru, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics (Romania)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9640:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX
Adolfo Comerón; Evgueni I. Kassianov; Klaus Schäfer, Editor(s)

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