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Proceedings Paper

Mixing layer height measurements determines influence of meteorology on air pollutant concentrations in urban area
Author(s): Klaus Schäfer; Thomas Blumenstock; Boris Bonn; Holger Gerwig; Frank Hase; Christoph Münkel; Rainer Nothard; Erika von Schneidemesser
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Paper Abstract

Mixing layer height (MLH) is a key parameter to determine the influence of meteorological parameters upon air pollutants such as trace gas species and particulate concentrations near the surface. Meteorology, and MLH as a key parameter, affect the budget of emission source strengths, deposition, and accumulation. However, greater possibilities for the application of MLH data have been identified in recent years. Here, the results of measurements in Berlin in 2014 are shown and discussed. The concentrations of NO, NO2, O3, CO, PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and about 70 volatile organic compounds (anthropogenic and biogenic of origin) as well as particle size distributions and contributions of SOA and soot species to PM were measured at the urban background station of the Berlin air quality network (BLUME) in Nansenstr./Framstr., Berlin-Neukölln. A Vaisala ceilometer CL51, which is a commercial mini-lidar system, was applied at that site to detect the layers of the lower atmosphere in real time. Special software for these ceilometers with MATLAB provided routine retrievals of MLH from vertical profiles of laser backscatter data. Five portable Bruker EM27/SUN FTIR spectrometers were set up around Berlin to detect column averaged abundances of CO2 and CH4 by solar absorption spectrometry. Correlation analyses were used to show the coupling of temporal variations of trace gas compounds and PM with MLH. Significant influences of MLH upon NO, NO2, PM10, PM2.5, PM1 and toluene (marker for traffic emissions) concentrations as well as particle number concentrations in the size modes 70 – 100 nm, 100 – 200 nm and 200 – 500 nm on the basis of averaged diurnal courses were found. Further, MLH was taken as important auxiliary information about the development of the boundary layer during each day of observations, which was required for the proper estimation of CO2 and CH4 source strengths from Berlin on the basis of atmospheric column density measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9640, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX, 96400O (16 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194976
Show Author Affiliations
Klaus Schäfer, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Thomas Blumenstock, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Boris Bonn, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V. (Germany)
Holger Gerwig, Federal Environment Agency (Germany)
Frank Hase, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Christoph Münkel, Vaisala GmbH (Germany)
Rainer Nothard, Senate Dept. for Urban Development and the Environment (Germany)
Erika von Schneidemesser, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9640:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XX
Adolfo Comerón; Evgueni I. Kassianov; Klaus Schäfer, Editor(s)

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