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Proceedings Paper

Reducing scalloping in synthetic aperture radar images using a composite image transform
Author(s): Knut Landmark; Anne H. Schistad Solberg
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Paper Abstract

In burst mode SAR imaging, echo intensity depends on the target's azimuth position in the antenna pattern. As a result, an amplitude modulation known as scalloping may appear, particularly in ScanSAR images of ocean areas. A denoising method, recently developed for multibeam bathymetry, can be used to reduce residual scalloping in ScanSAR images. The algorithm is analogous to a band-stop filter in the frequency domain. Here, the transform is the composition of an edge detection operator and a discrete Radon transform (DRT). The edge operator accentuates fine-scale intensity changes; the DRT focuses linear features, as each DRT component is the sum of pixel intensities along a linear graph. A descalloping filter is implemented in the DRT domain by suppressing the range direction. The restored image is obtained by applying the inverse composite transform. First, a rapidly converging iterative pseudo-inverse DRT is computed. The edge operator is a spatial filter based on a discrete approximation of the Laplace operator, but modified to make the operator invertible. The method was tested on ocean scene ScanSAR images from the Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar. The scalloping effect was significantly reduced, with no apparent distortion or smoothing of physical features.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 October 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9643, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI, 96431B (15 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194952
Show Author Affiliations
Knut Landmark, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (Norway)
Anne H. Schistad Solberg, Univ. I Oslo (Norway)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9643:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI
Lorenzo Bruzzone, Editor(s)

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