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Proceedings Paper

Bend-insensitive distributed sensing in singlemode-multimode-singlemode optical fiber structure by using Brillouin optical time-domain analysis
Author(s): Pengbai Xu; Hongying Zhang; Zhiwei Lu; Liang Chen; Xiaoyi Bao; Yongkang Dong
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Paper Abstract

We propose a bend-insensitive distributed Brillouin optical fiber sensing by using a singlemode-multimode-singlemode optical fiber structure for the first time to the best of our knowledge. The sensing fiber is a graded-index multimode fiber (GI-MMF) sandwiched by two standard single-mode fibers (SMFs) with centrally alignment splicing at the interface between GI-MMF and SMF to excite the fundamental mode only in GI-MMF. The sensing system can resist a minimal bend radius of 1.25mm while maintaining the measurement performance, with which the measured coefficient of strain is 421.6MHz/%. We also demonstrate that the higher-order modes exciting in GI-MMF can be easily influenced by bending, so that the fundamental mode exciting is essential for bend-insensitive distributed sensing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 September 2015
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 9634, 24th International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, 96344Y (28 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194416
Show Author Affiliations
Pengbai Xu, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Hongying Zhang, Harbin Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Zhiwei Lu, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Liang Chen, Univ. of Ottawa (Canada)
Xiaoyi Bao, Univ. of Ottawa (Canada)
Yongkang Dong, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9634:
24th International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors
Hypolito José Kalinowski; José Luís Fabris; Wojtek J. Bock, Editor(s)

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