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Proceedings Paper

Development of a district information system for water management planning and strategic decision making
Author(s): A. Loukas; J. Tzabiras; M. Spiliotopoulos; K. Kokkinos; C. Fafoutis; N. Mylopoulos
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Paper Abstract

The overall objective of this work is the development of a District Information System (DIS) which could be used by stakeholders for the purposes of a district day-to-day water management as well as for planning and strategic decisionmaking. The DIS was developed from a GIS-based modeling approach, which integrates a generic crop model and a hydraulic model of the transport/distribution system, using land use maps generated by Landsat TM imagery. The main sub-objectives are: (i) the development of an operational algorithm to retrieve crop evapotranspiration from remote sensing data, (ii) the development of an information system with friendly user interface for the data base, the crop module and the hydraulic module and (iii) the analysis and validation of management scenarios from model simulations predicting the respective behavior. The Lake Karla watershed is used in this study, but the overall methodology could be used as a basis for future analysis elsewhere. Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) was used to derive monthly actual evapotranspiration (ET) values from Landsat TM imagery. Meteorological data from the archives of the Institute for Research and Technology, Thessaly (I.RE.TE.TH) has also been used. The methodology was developed using high quality Landsat TM images during 2007 growing season. Monthly ET values are used as an input to CROPWAT model. Outputs of CROPWAT model are then used as input for WEAP model. The developed scenario is based on the actual situation of the surface irrigation network of the Local Administration of Land Reclamation (LALR) of Pinios for the year of 2007. The DIS is calibrated with observed data of this year and the district parameterization is conducted based on the actual operation of the network. The operation of the surface irrigation network of Pinios LALR is simulated using Technologismiki Works, while the operation of closed pipe irrigation network of Lake Karla LALR is simulated using Watercad. Four alternative scenarios have been tested with the DIS: reduction of channel losses, alteration of irrigation methods, Introduction of greenhouse cultivation, and operation of the future Lake Karla network. The results of the simulation for the historical period indicate that the water pumped from Pinios LALR is not enough to serve irrigation requirements. The spatial and temporal variation of the unmet and unsatisfied water demand has been estimated. Simulation of the four alternative scenarios indicated that the alteration of irrigation methods scenario mainly increases the efficiency of the irrigation network.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9535, Third International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2015), 95351L (19 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2193892
Show Author Affiliations
A. Loukas, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)
J. Tzabiras, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)
M. Spiliotopoulos, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)
K. Kokkinos, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)
C. Fafoutis, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)
N. Mylopoulos, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Institute for Research and Technology of Thessaly (Greece)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9535:
Third International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2015)
Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis; Kyriacos Themistocleous; Silas Michaelides; Giorgos Papadavid, Editor(s)

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