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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of S-NPP VIIRS and PLEIADES lunar observations
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Paper Abstract

The first VIIRS instrument was launched on-board the S-NPP satellite in October 2011. It has a total of 15 reflective solar bands (RSB), which include a day-night band (DNB). The VIIRS RSB are calibrated each orbit by an on-board solar diffuser and regularly scheduled lunar observations. With a few exceptions, regularly scheduled lunar observations have been made with the same phase angles from -51.5⁰ to -50.5⁰. The PLEIADES system consists of two satellites, PLEIADES-1A and PLEIADES-1B, which were launched in December of 2011 and December of 2012, respectively. Each instrument has 5 RSB: four (blue, green, red and near-infrared) bands with a 2.8 m spatial resolution and one panchromatic band with a 70 cm vertical viewing resolution. PLEIADES RSB are calibrated using observations of Pseudo Invariant Calibration Sites (PICS) and the Moon. Both PLEIADES-1A and PLEIADES-1B lunar observations have been made over a wide range of phase angles. In this paper we provide an overview of S-NPP VIIRS and PLEIADES lunar observations and an analysis to qualify their lunar calibration differences. Results derived from different inter-comparison methodologies (or approaches) are illustrated. Also discussed in this paper are the challenging issues, lessons, and future effort to further improve sensor lunar calibration inter-comparisons.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 October 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9639, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX, 96390Y (12 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2193158
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaoxiong Xiong, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Sophie Lachérade, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Ouahid Aznay, C. S. Information Systems (France)
Bertrand Fougnie, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Jon Fulbright, Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Zhipeng Wang, Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9639:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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