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Proceedings Paper

Estimation of crop water requirements using remote sensing for operational water resources management
Author(s): Lampros Vasiliades; Marios Spiliotopoulos; John Tzabiras; Athanasios Loukas; Nikitas Mylopoulos
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Paper Abstract

An integrated modeling system, developed in the framework of “Hydromentor” research project, is applied to evaluate crop water requirements for operational water resources management at Lake Karla watershed, Greece. The framework includes coupled components for operation of hydrotechnical projects (reservoir operation and irrigation works) and estimation of agricultural water demands at several spatial scales using remote sensing. The study area was sub-divided into irrigation zones based on land use maps derived from Landsat 5 TM images for the year 2007. Satellite-based energy balance for mapping evapotranspiration with internalized calibration (METRIC) was used to derive actual evapotranspiration (ET) and crop coefficient (ETrF) values from Landsat TM imagery. Agricultural water needs were estimated using the FAO method for each zone and each control node of the system for a number of water resources management strategies. Two operational strategies of hydro-technical project development (present situation without operation of the reservoir and future situation with the operation of the reservoir) are coupled with three water demand strategies. In total, eight (8) water management strategies are evaluated and compared. The results show that, under the existing operational water resources management strategies, the crop water requirements are quite large. However, the operation of the proposed hydro-technical projects in Lake Karla watershed coupled with water demand management measures, like improvement of existing water distribution systems, change of irrigation methods, and changes of crop cultivation could alleviate the problem and lead to sustainable and ecological use of water resources in the study area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9535, Third International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2015), 95351B (19 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2192520
Show Author Affiliations
Lampros Vasiliades, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Marios Spiliotopoulos, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
John Tzabiras, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Athanasios Loukas, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)
Nikitas Mylopoulos, Univ. of Thessaly (Greece)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9535:
Third International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2015)
Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis; Kyriacos Themistocleous; Silas Michaelides; Giorgos Papadavid, Editor(s)

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