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Proceedings Paper

Protected and enhanced silver for mirrors: damage mechanisms and how to prevent them
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Paper Abstract

In order to manufacture mirrors metal based coatings (Al, Au and Ag) are applied, as they enable a high reflectivity and at the same time a broad spectral bandwidth. Of all metals, Ag provides the highest reflectivity from VIS to IR.

Silver is a noble metal. However, corrosion activators (e.g. S and Cl) can lead to corrosion. Thus, a protective layer is required to prevent the corrosion and sustain the high reflectivity of the mirror. However, damage of the Ag-coating can occur, even in the case of protected-Ag. Inhomogeneous film growth of the protective layer can lead to a permeation of corrosion activators and thus to a damage of the Ag. But also the deposition of impervious protective layers is not sufficient for long-term environmental stability. Hygroscopic air borne particles can weaken the protection and therefore subsequently lead to a permeation of corrosion activators and thus to a damage of the Ag.

These damage mechanisms lead to criteria for a durable and efficient protection. AlOxNy and nanolaminates have been tested with respect to these criteria. In particular the protection based on nanolaminates shows a great potential for the protection of Ag. In addition, also the optical performance can be improved by UV-enhancement based on different nanolaminates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9627, Optical Systems Design 2015: Advances in Optical Thin Films V, 96271R (23 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2191216
Show Author Affiliations
S. Schwinde, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (Germany)
Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena (Germany)
M. Schürmann, Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena (Germany)
Norbert Kaiser, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (Germany)
Andreas Tünnermann, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (Germany)
Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9627:
Optical Systems Design 2015: Advances in Optical Thin Films V
Michel Lequime; H. Angus Macleod; Detlev Ristau, Editor(s)

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