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Proceedings Paper

VIIRS/J1 polarization narrative
Author(s): Eugene Waluschka; Joel McCorkel; Jeff McIntire; David Moyer; Brendan McAndrew; Steven W. Brown; Keith R. Lykke; James B. Young; Eric Fest; James Butler; Tung R. Wang; Eslim O. Monroy; Kevin Turpie; Gerhard Meister; Kurtis J. Thome
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Paper Abstract

The polarization sensitivity of the Visible/NearIR (VISNIR) bands in the Joint Polar Satellite Sensor 1 (J1) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument was measured using a broadband source. While polarization sensitivity for bands M5-M7, I1, and I2 was less than 2.5 %, the maximum polarization sensitivity for bands M1, M2, M3, and M4 was measured to be 6.4 %, 4.4 %, 3.1 %, and 4.3 %, respectively with a polarization characterization uncertainty of less than 0.38%. A detailed polarization model indicated that the large polarization sensitivity observed in the M1 to M4 bands is mainly due to the large polarization sensitivity introduced at the leading and trailing edges of the newly manufactured VISNIR bandpass focal plane filters installed in front of the VISNIR detectors. This was confirmed by polarization measurements of bands M1 and M4 bands using monochromatic light. Discussed are the activities leading up to and including the two polarization tests, some discussion of the polarization model and the model results, the role of the focal plane filters, the polarization testing of the Aft-Optics-Assembly, the testing of the polarizers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Goddard center and at the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) facility and the use of NIST’s Traveling Spectral Irradiance and Radiance responsivity Calibrations using Uniform Sources (T-SIRCUS) for polarization testing and associated analyses and results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2015
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 9607, Earth Observing Systems XX, 960712 (8 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2190138
Show Author Affiliations
Eugene Waluschka, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Joel McCorkel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Jeff McIntire, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
David Moyer, The Aerospace Corp. (United States)
Brendan McAndrew, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Steven W. Brown, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Keith R. Lykke, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
James B. Young, Stellar Solutions Inc. (United States)
Eric Fest, Raytheon (United States)
James Butler, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Tung R. Wang, Raytheon (United States)
Eslim O. Monroy, Raytheon (United States)
Kevin Turpie, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)
Gerhard Meister, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Kurtis J. Thome, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9607:
Earth Observing Systems XX
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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