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Proceedings Paper

Optical property tuning of bismuth chalcogenides using chemical intercalation (Presentation Recording)
Author(s): Jie Yao
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Paper Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials with natural layer structures have been proven to provide extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Bismuth chalcogenides are examples of such two-dimensional materials. They are strongly bonded within layers and weak van der Waals interaction ties those layers together. Such naturally layered structure allows chemical intercalation of foreign atoms into the van der Waals gaps. Here, we show that by adding large number of copper atoms into van der Waals gaps of bismuth chalcogenides, we observed counter-intuitive enhancement of optical transparency together with improved electrical conductivity, which is on the contrary to most bulk materials in which doping reduces the light transmission. This surprising behavior is caused by substantial tuning of material optical property and nanophotonic anti-reflection effect unique to ultra-thin nanoplates. With the intercalation of copper atoms, large number of electrons have been added into the semiconducting material system and effectively lift the Fermi level of the resulting material to its conduction band, as proved by our densityfunctional- theory computations. Occupied lower states in the conduction band do not allow the optical excitation of electrons in the valence band to the bottom of the conduction band, leading to an effective widening of optical band gap. Optical transmission is further enhanced by constructive interference of reflected beams as bismuth chalcogenides have large permittivity than the environment. The synergy of these two effects in two-dimensional nanostructures can be exploited for various optoelectronic applications including transparent electrode. The reversible intercalation process allows potential dynamic tuning capability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2015
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9545, Nanophotonic Materials XII, 95450K (5 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2189012
Show Author Affiliations
Jie Yao, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9545:
Nanophotonic Materials XII
Stefano Cabrini; Gilles Lérondel; Adam M. Schwartzberg; Taleb Mokari, Editor(s)

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