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Proceedings Paper

Modeling fiber Bragg grating device networks in photomechanical polymer optical fibers
Author(s): Joseph T. Lanska; Mark G. Kuzyk; Dennis M. Sullivan
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Paper Abstract

We report on the modeling of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) networks in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) polymer fibers doped with azo dyes. Our target is the development of Photomechanical Optical Devices (PODs), comprised of two FBGs in series, separated by a Fabry-Perot cavity of photomechanical material. PODs exhibit photomechanical multi-stability, with the capacity to access multiple length states for a fixed input intensity when a mechanical shock is applied.

Using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) numerical methods, we modeled the photomechanical response of both Fabry-Perot and Bragg-type PODs in a single polymer optical fiber. The polymer fiber was modeled as an instantaneous Kerr-type nonlinear χ(3) material. Our model correctly predicts the essential optical features of FBGs as well as the photomechanical multi-stability of nonlinear Fabry-Perot cavity-based PODs.

Networks of PODs may provide a framework for smart shape-shifting materials and fast optical computation where the decision process is distributed over the entire network. In addition, a POD can act as memory, and its response can depend on input history. Our models inform and will accelerate targeted development of novel Bragg grating-based polymer fiber device networks for a variety of applications in optical computing and smart materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9564, Light Manipulating Organic Materials and Devices II, 95640O (5 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188702
Show Author Affiliations
Joseph T. Lanska, Washington State Univ. (United States)
Mark G. Kuzyk, Washington State Univ. (United States)
Dennis M. Sullivan, Univ. of Idaho (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9564:
Light Manipulating Organic Materials and Devices II
Jon A. Schuller, Editor(s)

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