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Proceedings Paper

Cd-Zn-O-S alloys for optimal buffer layers in thin-film photovoltaics (Presentation Recording)
Author(s): Joel B. Varley; Xiaoqing He; Neil Mackie; Angus A. Rockett; Vincenzo Lordi
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Paper Abstract

Advances in thin-film photovoltaics have largely focused on modifying the absorber layer(s), while the choices for other layers in the solar cell stack have remained somewhat limited. In particular, cadmium sulfide (CdS) is widely used as the buffer layer in typical record devices utilizing absorbers like Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) or Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) despite leading to a loss of solar photocurrent due to its band gap of 2.4 eV. While different buffers such as Zn(S,O,OH) are beginning to become competitive with CdS, the identification of additional wider-band gap alternatives with electrical properties comparable to or better than CdS is highly desirable. Here we use hybrid density functional calculations to characterize CdxZn1-xOyS1-y candidate buffer layers in the quaternary phase space composed by Cd, Zn, O, and S. We focus on the band gaps and band offsets of the alloys to assess strategies for improving absorption losses from conventional CdS buffers while maintaining similar conduction band offsets known to facilitate good device performance. We also consider additional criteria such as lattice matching to identify regions in the composition space that may provide improved epitaxy to CIGSe and CZTS absorbers. Lastly, we incorporate our calculated alloy properties into device model simulations of typical CIGSe devices to identify the CdxZn1-xOyS1-y buffer compositions that lead to the best performance. This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 and funded by the Department of Energy office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) through the SunShot Bridging Research Interactions through collaborative Development Grants in Energy (BRIDGE) program.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2015
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9561, Thin Films for Solar and Energy Technology VII, 95610A (5 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188373
Show Author Affiliations
Joel B. Varley, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Xiaoqing He, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Neil Mackie, MiaSolé Hi-Tech Corp. (United States)
Angus A. Rockett, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Vincenzo Lordi, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9561:
Thin Films for Solar and Energy Technology VII
Louay A. Eldada; Michael J. Heben, Editor(s)

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