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Proceedings Paper

Nano scaffolds and stem cell therapy in liver tissue engineering
Author(s): Laila M. Montaser; Sherin M. Fawzy
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Paper Abstract

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have been constantly developing of late due to the major progress in cell and organ transplantation, as well as advances in materials science and engineering. Although stem cells hold great potential for the treatment of many injuries and degenerative diseases, several obstacles must be overcome before their therapeutic application can be realized. These include the development of advanced techniques to understand and control functions of micro environmental signals and novel methods to track and guide transplanted stem cells. A major complication encountered with stem cell therapies has been the failure of injected cells to engraft to target tissues. The application of nanotechnology to stem cell biology would be able to address those challenges. Combinations of stem cell therapy and nanotechnology in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have achieved significant advances. These combinations allow nanotechnology to engineer scaffolds with various features to control stem cell fate decisions. Fabrication of Nano fiber cell scaffolds onto which stem cells can adhere and spread, forming a niche-like microenvironment which can guide stem cells to proceed to heal damaged tissues. In this paper, current and emergent approach based on stem cells in the field of liver tissue engineering is presented for specific application. The combination of stem cells and tissue engineering opens new perspectives in tissue regeneration for stem cell therapy because of the potential to control stem cell behavior with the physical and chemical characteristics of the engineered scaffold environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9550, Biosensing and Nanomedicine VIII, 95500M (21 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188342
Show Author Affiliations
Laila M. Montaser, Menoufia Univ. (Egypt)
Sherin M. Fawzy, Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering Research Group (SRNT) (Egypt)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9550:
Biosensing and Nanomedicine VIII
Hooman Mohseni; Massoud H. Agahi; Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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