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Proceedings Paper

Organic transistors for electrophysiology (Presentation Recording)
Author(s): Jonathan Rivnay
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Paper Abstract

Efficient local transduction of biological signals is of critical importance for mapping brain activity and diagnosing pathological conditions. Traditional devices used to record electrophysiological signals are passive electrodes that require (pre)amplification with downstream electronics. Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) that utilize conducting polymer films as the channel have shown considerable promise as amplifying transducers due to their stability in aqueous conditions and high transconductance (>3 mS). The materials properties and physics of such transistors, however, remains largely unexplored thus limiting their potential. Here we show that the uptake of ionic charge from an electrolyte into a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) OECT channel leads to a dependence of the effective capacitance on the entire volume of the film. Subsequently, device transconductance and time response vary with channel thickness, a defining characteristic that differentiates OECTs from field effect transistors, and provides a new degree of freedom for device engineering. Using this understanding we tailor OECTs for a variety of low (1-100 Hz) and high (1-10 kHz) frequency applications, including human electroencephalography, where high transconductance devices impart richer signal content without the need for additional amplification circuitry. We also show that the materials figure of merit OECTs is the product of hole mobility and volumetric capacitance of the channel, leading to design rules for novel high performance materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2015
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9568, Organic Field-Effect Transistors XIV; and Organic Sensors and Bioelectronics VIII, 95680B (5 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188315
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan Rivnay, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Étienne (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9568:
Organic Field-Effect Transistors XIV; and Organic Sensors and Bioelectronics VIII
Ioannis Kymissis; Iain McCulloch; Ruth Shinar; Oana D. Jurchescu; Luisa Torsi, Editor(s)

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