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Proceedings Paper

Design methodology: edgeless 3D ASICs with complex in-pixel processing for pixel detectors
Author(s): Farah Fahim; Grzegorz W. Deptuch; James R. Hoff; Hooman Mohseni
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Paper Abstract

The design methodology for the development of 3D integrated edgeless pixel detectors with in-pixel processing using Electronic Design Automation (EDA) tools is presented. A large area 3 tier 3D detector with one sensor layer and two ASIC layers containing one analog and one digital tier, is built for x-ray photon time of arrival measurement and imaging. A full custom analog pixel is 65μm x 65μm. It is connected to a sensor pixel of the same size on one side, and on the other side it has approximately 40 connections to the digital pixel. A 32 x 32 edgeless array without any peripheral functional blocks constitutes a sub-chip. The sub-chip is an indivisible unit, which is further arranged in a 6 x 6 array to create the entire 1.248cm x 1.248cm ASIC. Each chip has 720 bump-bond I/O connections, on the back of the digital tier to the ceramic PCB. All the analog tier power and biasing is conveyed through the digital tier from the PCB. The assembly has no peripheral functional blocks, and hence the active area extends to the edge of the detector. This was achieved by using a few flavors of almost identical analog pixels (minimal variation in layout) to allow for peripheral biasing blocks to be placed within pixels. The 1024 pixels within a digital sub-chip array have a variety of full custom, semi-custom and automated timing driven functional blocks placed together. The methodology uses a modified mixed-mode on-top digital implementation flow to not only harness the tool efficiency for timing and floor-planning but also to maintain designer control over compact parasitically aware layout. The methodology uses the Cadence design platform, however it is not limited to this tool.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 August 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9555, Optical Sensing, Imaging, and Photon Counting: Nanostructured Devices and Applications, 95550M (28 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188153
Show Author Affiliations
Farah Fahim, Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (United States)
Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Grzegorz W. Deptuch, Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (United States)
James R. Hoff, Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (United States)
Hooman Mohseni, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9555:
Optical Sensing, Imaging, and Photon Counting: Nanostructured Devices and Applications
Manijeh Razeghi; Dorota S. Temple; Gail J. Brown, Editor(s)

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