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Proceedings Paper

Discriminatory effects in the optical binding of chiral nanoparticles
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Paper Abstract

The laser-induced intermolecular force that exists between two or more particles subjected to a moderately intense laser beam is termed ‘optical binding’. Completely distinct from the single-particle forces that give rise to optical trapping, the phenomenon of optical binding is a manifestation of the coupling between optically induced dipole moments in neutral particles. In conjunction with optical trapping, the optomechanical forces in optical binding afford means for the manipulation and fabrication of optically bound matter. The Casimir-Polder potential that is intrinsic to all matter can be overridden by the optical binding force in cases where the laser beam is of sufficient intensity. Chiral discrimination can arise when the laser input has a circular polarization, if the particles are themselves chiral. Then, it emerges that the interaction between particles with a particular handedness is responsive to the left- or right-handedness of the light. The present analysis, which expands upon previous studies of chiral discrimination in optical binding, identifies a novel mechanism that others have previously overlooked, signifying that the discriminatory effect is much more prominent than originally thought. The new theory leads to results for freely-tumbling chiral particles subjected to circularly polarized light. Rigorous conditions are established for the energy shifts to be non-zero and display discriminatory effects with respect to the handedness of the incident beam. Detailed calculations indicate that the energy shift is larger than those previously reported by three orders of magnitude.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9548, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XII, 95480M (25 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188147
Show Author Affiliations
Kayn A. Forbes, Univ. of East Anglia (United Kingdom)
David S. Bradshaw, Univ. of East Anglia (United Kingdom)
David L. Andrews, Univ. of East Anglia (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9548:
Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XII
Kishan Dholakia; Gabriel C. Spalding, Editor(s)

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