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Proceedings Paper

On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton binding energies in organic photovoltaic materials
Author(s): Hilde D. de Gier; Ria Broer; Remco W. A. Havenith
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Paper Abstract

In organic photovoltaic devices two types of excitons can be generated for which different binding energies can be defined: the binding energy of the local exciton generated immediately after light absorption on the polymer and the binding energy of the charge-transfer exciton generated through the electron transfer from polymer to PCBM. Lowering these two binding energies is expected to improve the efficiency of the devices. Using (time-dependent) density functional theory, we studied whether a relation exists between the two different binding energies. For a series of related co-monomers, we found that the local exciton binding energy on a monomer is not directly related to that of the chargetransfer exciton on a monomer-PCBM complex because the variation in exciton binding energy depends mainly on the variation in electron affinity, which does not affect in a direct way the charge-transfer exciton binding energy. Furthermore, for the studied co-monomers and their corresponding trimers, we provide detailed information on the amount of charge transfer upon excitation and on the charge transfer excitation length. This detailed study of the excitation process reveals that the thiophene unit that links the donor and acceptor fragments of the co-monomer actively participates in the charge transfer process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2015
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 9567, Organic Photovoltaics XVI, 95670N (9 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187872
Show Author Affiliations
Hilde D. de Gier, Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)
Ria Broer, Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)
Remco W. A. Havenith, Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)
Ghent Univ. (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9567:
Organic Photovoltaics XVI
Zakya H. Kafafi; Paul A. Lane; Ifor D. W. Samuel, Editor(s)

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