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Proceedings Paper

Enhanced infrared transmission from gold wire-grid arrays via surface plasmons in continuous graphene (Presentation Recording)
Author(s): Zizhuo Liu; Serkan Bütün; Edgar Palacios; Koray Aydin
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Paper Abstract

Enhanced transmission of light through nanostructures has always been of great interest in the field of plasmonics and nanophotonics. With the aid of near-field effects, the transmission of the electromagnetic waves can be enhanced or suppressed. Much of the work on enhanced transmission has been shown to be frequency-selective. However it is possible to increase the transmission over a large frequency range by using graphene, which has shown broadband properties in many applications. Here, we propose enhanced transmission in wire grid gold structure making use of continuous graphene sheets. We use finite-difference time-domain simulations to study the optical properties of this graphene-metal hybrid structure at mid infrared (mid-IR) wavelengths. The grating structure in wire grid gold provides an ideal platform to match the momentum and excite the surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in monolayer graphene. Our numerical calculations show that the local electromagnetic field around the graphene is largely enhanced due to surface plasmons. Moreover, with the highly confined SPPs coupling with the incident light, the transmission through the whole structure can be broadly enhanced in the mid infrared region. We also analyze the effect of the spectrum with different periods and gold nanowire widths to evaluate the size effects of the plasmons in graphene. In addition, by tuning the Fermi level, one can control the wavelength range at which the transmission is enhanced. The mechanism of the enhancement will be explained in the calculated electric field distribution. And we will also highlight the opportunities of graphene for applications such as tunable transmission and active photonic modulator.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2015
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9546, Active Photonic Materials VII, 95461X (5 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2186872
Show Author Affiliations
Zizhuo Liu, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Serkan Bütün, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Edgar Palacios, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Koray Aydin, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9546:
Active Photonic Materials VII
Ganapathi S. Subramania; Stavroula Foteinopoulou, Editor(s)

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