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Proceedings Paper

Zoom lens design for tilted objects
Author(s): Robert M. Malone; Daniel K. Frayer; Morris I. Kaufman; Heather R. Leffler; Kevin D. McGillivray; Alfred Meidinger; David H. Phillips
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Paper Abstract

When a zoom lens views a tilted finite conjugate object, its image plane is both tilted and distorted depending on magnification. Our camera image plane moves with six degrees of freedom; only one moving doublet lens is required to change magnification. Two lens design models were analyzed. The first required the optical and mechanical axes to be collinear, resulting in a tilted stop. The second allowed the optical axis to be tilted from the lens mechanical axis with an untilted stop moving along the mechanical axis. Both designs produced useful zoom lenses with excellent resolution for a distorted image. For both lens designs, the stop is anchored to the moving doublet and its diameter is unchanged throughout magnification changes. This unusual outcome allows the light level at each camera pixel to remain constant, independent of magnification. As-built tolerance analysis is used to compare both optical models. The design application is for proton radiography. At the end of an accelerator, protons exit an aluminum vacuum window producing a shadowgraph image onto an LYSO (lutetium yttrium orthosilicate) scintillator. The 5″ square scintillator emission reflects off a pellicle and is collected by the zoom lenses located 24″ away. Four zoom lenses will view the same pellicle at different alpha and beta angles. Blue emission from the scintillator is viewed at an alpha angle of –14° or –23° and beta angles of ±9° or ±25°. The pellicle directs the light backwards to a zone where adequate shielding of the cameras can be achieved against radiation scattered from the aluminum window.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 2015
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9580, Zoom Lenses V, 958008 (3 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2186868
Show Author Affiliations
Robert M. Malone, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
Daniel K. Frayer, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
Morris I. Kaufman, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
Heather R. Leffler, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
Kevin D. McGillivray, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
Alfred Meidinger, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)
David H. Phillips, Keystone International Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9580:
Zoom Lenses V
Ellis Betensky; Takanori Yamanashi, Editor(s)

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