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Proceedings Paper

Polymer-inorganic nanocomposite thin film emitters, optoelectronic chemical sensors, and energy harvesters produced by multiple-beam pulsed laser deposition
Author(s): Abdalla M. Darwish; Simeon Wilson; Ashley Blackwell; Keylantra Taylor; Sergey Sarkisov; Darayas Patel; Paolo Mele; Michael W. Johnson; Xiaodong Zhang; Brent Koplitz
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Paper Abstract

Large class of new photonic devices, including light emitters, chemical sensors, and energy harvesters, can be made of the polymer-inorganic nanocomposite thin films produced by the new multiple-beam pulsed laser deposition process (MB-PLD). We describe the PLD system and the film deposition process itself, particularly the multiple-beam matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MB-MAPLE) version with laser beam scanning and plume direction control. We also report on the results of the investigation of optical and performance characteristics of three types of the fabricated nanocomposite thin film devices: upconversion light emitters, chemical (ammonia) sensors, and thermoelectric energy harvesters. The emitters were made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) film impregnated with the nanoparticles of rare-earth (RE) fluorides such as NaYF4: Yb3+, Er3+ and NaYF4: Yb3+, Ho3+. They demonstrated bright upconversion emission in visible region being pumped with a 980-nm infra-red laser. The same films, but doped with an indicator dye, were tested as ammonia sensors. They demonstrated the drop of upconversion emission (registered by a photodetector) due to the rise of the optical absorption of the indicator dye affected by ammonia. The capability of detecting fractions of one percent (molar) of ammonia was established. The thermoelectric energy harvesters were made of nanocomposite films of aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) impregnated with polymer nanoparticles. The role of the nanoparticles was to reduce the thermoconductivity and increase electroconductivity thus contributing to the improvement of the thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 August 2015
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9586, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications IX, 958602 (26 August 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2185498
Show Author Affiliations
Abdalla M. Darwish, Dillard Univ. (United States)
Simeon Wilson, Dillard Univ. (United States)
Ashley Blackwell, Dillard Univ. (United States)
Keylantra Taylor, Dillard Univ. (United States)
Sergey Sarkisov, SSS Optical Technologies, LLC (United States)
Darayas Patel, Oakwood Univ. (United States)
Paolo Mele, Hiroshima Univ. (Japan)
Michael W. Johnson, Tulane Univ. (United States)
Xiaodong Zhang, Tulane Univ. (United States)
Brent Koplitz, Tulane Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9586:
Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications IX
Shizhuo Yin; Ruyan Guo, Editor(s)

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