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Proceedings Paper

Visible optical radiation generates bactericidal effect applicable for inactivation of health care associated germs demonstrated by inactivation of E. coli and B. subtilis using 405-nm and 460-nm light emitting diodes
Author(s): Katharina Hönes; Felix Stangl; Michael Sift; Martin Hessling
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Paper Abstract

The Ulm University of Applied Sciences is investigating a technique using visible optical radiation (405 nm and 460 nm) to inactivate health-hazardous bacteria in water. A conceivable application could be point-of-use disinfection implementations in developing countries for safe drinking water supply. Another possible application field could be to provide sterile water in medical institutions like hospitals or dental surgeries where contaminated pipework or long-term disuse often results in higher germ concentrations. Optical radiation for disinfection is presently mostly used in UV wavelength ranges but the possibility of bacterial inactivation with visible light was so far generally disregarded. One of the advantages of visible light is, that instead of mercury arc lamps, light emitting diodes could be used, which are commercially available and therefore cost-efficient concerning the visible light spectrum. Furthermore they inherit a considerable longer life span than UV-C LEDs and are non-hazardous in contrast to mercury arc lamps. Above all there are specific germs, like Bacillus subtilis, which show an inactivation resistance to UV-C wavelengths. Due to the totally different deactivation mechanism even higher disinfection rates are reached, compared to Escherichia coli as a standard laboratory germ. By 460 nm a reduction of three log-levels appeared with Bacillus subtilis and a half log-level with Escherichia coli both at a dose of about 300 J/cm². By the more efficient wavelength of 405 nm four and a half log-levels are reached with Bacillus subtilis and one and a half log-level with Escherichia coli also both at a dose of about 300 J/cm². In addition the employed optical setup, which delivered a homogeneous illumination and skirts the need of a stirring technique to compensate irregularities, was an important improvement compared to previous published setups. Evaluated by optical simulation in ZEMAX® the designed optical element provided proven homogeneity distributions with maximum variation of ± 10 %.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 July 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9540, Novel Biophotonics Techniques and Applications III, 95400T (17 July 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2183903
Show Author Affiliations
Katharina Hönes, Hochschule Ulm (Germany)
Felix Stangl, Hochschule Ulm (Germany)
Michael Sift, Hochschule Ulm (Germany)
Martin Hessling, Hochschule Ulm (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9540:
Novel Biophotonics Techniques and Applications III
Arjen Amelink; I. Alex Vitkin, Editor(s)

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