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Proceedings Paper

Non-contact scanning time-domain functional optical imaging of the adult human brain
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Paper Abstract

We developed a novel scanning system that relies on gated detection of late photons at short source-detector separation, enabling the recording of absorption changes in deep tissue compartments. The tissue was scanned by a galvanometer scanner from a distance of more than 10 cm, with a fixed separation of the illumination and the detection spot of a few mm. The light source was a supercontinuum laser with an acousto-optic tunable filter that was used to rapidly switch between two wavelength bands centered at 760 nm and 860 nm. A fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode was employed to eliminate the intense early part of the diffusely remitted signal and to detect photons with long times of flight with improved signal-to-noise ratio. A second detection channel contained a non-gated detector. The gated and non-gated time-of-flight distributions of photons were recorded by imaging time-correlated single photon counting synchronized with the movement of the scanner. A tissue area with dimensions of several cm was scanned with 32×32 pixels within a frame time of 1 s. Sensitivity and spatial resolution of the system were characterized by phantom measurements. In-vivo tests included functional brain activation by various tasks and demonstrated the feasibility of non-contact imaging of hemodynamic changes in the cerebral cortex.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9538, Diffuse Optical Imaging V, 953802 (16 July 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2183288
Show Author Affiliations
Heidrun Wabnitz, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Mikhail Mazurenka, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Hannoversches Zentrum für Optische Technologien (Germany)
Katja Fuchs, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Laura Di Sieno, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Gianluca Boso, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Davide Contini, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Alberto Dalla Mora, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Alberto Tosi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Yoko Hoshi, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science (Japan)
Antonio Pifferi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Rainer Macdonald, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9538:
Diffuse Optical Imaging V
Hamid Dehghani; Paola Taroni, Editor(s)

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