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Proceedings Paper

Experimental characterization of the FERMI laser heater and its impact on the FEL operations
Author(s): L. Badano; E. Ferrari; E. Allaria; S. Bassanese; D. Castronovo; M. B. Danailov; A. Demidovich; G. De Ninno; S. Di Mitri; B. Diviacco; W. Fawley; L. Frohlich; G. Gaio; L. Giannessi; G. Penco; S. Spampinati; C. Spezzani; M. Trovò; M. Veronese
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Paper Abstract

FERMI is the first user facility based upon an externally seeded free-electron laser (FEL) that delivers a coherent and tunable UV radiation (down to 4 nm at the fundamental) in a number of different configurations. A microbunching instability (MBI) developing in the bunch compressors and in the rest of the linac can degrade the quality of the high brightness electron beam sufficiently to reduce the FEL output intensity and spectral brightness. A laser heater installed in the low energy (100 MeV) part of the FERMI accelerator increases the local energy spread to provide Landau damping against this instability. In this paper we summarize the main results obtained with the FERMI laser heater since it commissioning in 2012. We present the measurement of the reduction of the incoherent energy spread at the linac exit induced by the heating of the electron beam at the beginning of the linac. We also discuss the positive effects of such heating upon the emission of coherent optical transition radiation and the FEL performances both in terms of intensity and spectrum. Moreover, we report about results that have been used to experimentally demonstrate that for transversely uniform heating the local energy spread augmentation is characterized by a non-Gaussian distribution that can be preserved up to the FEL undulator entrance with a significant impact on the performance of high-gain harmonic generation (HGHG) FELs, especially at soft x-ray wavelengths.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2015
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9512, Advances in X-ray Free-Electron Lasers Instrumentation III, 951217 (12 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2182475
Show Author Affiliations
L. Badano, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
E. Ferrari, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
Univ. degli Studi di Trieste (Italy)
E. Allaria, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
S. Bassanese, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
D. Castronovo, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
M. B. Danailov, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
A. Demidovich, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
G. De Ninno, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
Nova Gorica Univ. (Slovenia)
S. Di Mitri, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
B. Diviacco, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
W. Fawley, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
L. Frohlich, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
G. Gaio, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
L. Giannessi, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
ENEA C.R. Frascati (Italy)
G. Penco, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
S. Spampinati, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
Nova Gorica Univ. (Slovenia)
C. Spezzani, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
M. Trovò, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)
M. Veronese, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9512:
Advances in X-ray Free-Electron Lasers Instrumentation III
Sandra G. Biedron, Editor(s)

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