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Proceedings Paper

Superconducting and ferromagnetic properties of NbN/NiCu and NbTiN/NiCu bilayer nanostructures for photon detection
Author(s): A. Klimov; R. Puźniak; B. Aichner; W. Lang; E. Joon; R. Stern; W. Słysz; M. Guziewicz; M. Juchniewicz; M. A. Borysiewicz; R. Kruszka; M. Węgrzecki; A. Łaszcz; A. Czerwinski; Roman Sobolewski
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Paper Abstract

Performance of superconducting single-photon detectors based on resistive hotspot formation in nanostripes upon optical photon absorption depends strongly on the critical current density JC of the fabricated nanostructure. Utilization of an ultrathin, weak-ferromagnet cap layer on the top of a superconducting film enhances of the structure’s JC due to an extra flux pinning. We have fabricated a number of both NbN/NiCu and NbTiN/NiCu superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) ultrathin bilayers and microbridges. NbN and NbTiN underlayers with thicknesses varying from 4 to 7 nm were grown using dc-magnetron sputtering on chemically cleaned sapphire single-crystal substrates. After rapid thermal annealing at high temperatures, the S films were coated with Ni0.54Cu0.46 overlayers with thicknesses of about 6 nm, using cosputtering. Compositions of the deposited films were confirmed by EDX spectroscopy analysis, while TEM studies demonstrated excellent epitaxial quality of our S layers with ~2-nm-thick F/S transition layer and atomically-sharp S/substrate interface. Magnetic properties of bilayers were studied using both the SQUID and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer techniques in low and high magnetic fields. Low-temperature tests confirmed that in all cases NiCu films were ferromagnetic with the Curie temperature of above 30 K. Below the bilayer critical temperature of approx. 12-13 K, the structures were fully proximitized with the strong superconducting signal. For superconducting transport properties characterization, we used bilayers patterned into 40-μm-long microbridges with the width varying from 0.4 μm to 2 μm. The same S/F nanostructures were also used to study their superconducting fluctuations. The temperature dependence of magnetoresistance demonstrated highly 2-dimensional character with an unusual negative region that extended almost to room temperature. In the S/F sample, the fluctuations were observed to be substantially below theoretical expectations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9504, Photon Counting Applications 2015, 950405 (6 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2179697
Show Author Affiliations
A. Klimov, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
R. Puźniak, Institute of Physics (Poland)
B. Aichner, Univ. of Vienna (Austria)
W. Lang, Univ. of Vienna (Austria)
E. Joon, National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (Estonia)
R. Stern, National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (Estonia)
W. Słysz, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
M. Guziewicz, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
M. Juchniewicz, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
M. A. Borysiewicz, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
R. Kruszka, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
M. Węgrzecki, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
A. Łaszcz, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
A. Czerwinski, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
Roman Sobolewski, Institute of Electron Technology (Poland)
Univ. of Rochester (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9504:
Photon Counting Applications 2015
Ivan Prochazka; Roman Sobolewski; Ralph B. James, Editor(s)

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