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Proceedings Paper

Spectral analysis of rare earth elements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Author(s): Madhavi Z. Martin; Robert V. Fox; Andrzej W. Miziolek; Frank C. DeLucia; Nicolas André
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Paper Abstract

There is growing interest in rapid analysis of rare earth elements (REEs) both due to the need to find new natural sources to satisfy increased demand in their use in various electronic devices, as well as the fact that they are used to estimate actinide masses for nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) appears to be a particularly well-suited spectroscopy-based technology to rapidly and accurately analyze the REEs in various matrices at low concentration levels (parts-per-million). Although LIBS spectra of REEs have been reported for a number of years, further work is still necessary in order to be able to quantify the concentrations of various REEs in realworld complex samples. LIBS offers advantages over conventional solution-based radiochemistry in terms of cost, analytical turnaround, waste generation, personnel dose, and contamination risk. Rare earth elements of commercial interest are found in the following three matrix groups: 1) raw ores and unrefined materials, 2) as components in refined products such as magnets, lighting phosphors, consumer electronics (which are mostly magnets and phosphors), catalysts, batteries, etc., and 3) waste/recyclable materials (aka e-waste). LIBS spectra for REEs such as Gd, Nd, and Sm found in rare earth magnets are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 June 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9482, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII, 94820G (3 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2178192
Show Author Affiliations
Madhavi Z. Martin, Oak Ridge National Lab. (United States)
Robert V. Fox, Idaho National Lab. (United States)
Andrzej W. Miziolek, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Frank C. DeLucia, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Nicolas André, Univ. of Tennessee (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9482:
Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII
Mark A. Druy; Richard A. Crocombe; David P. Bannon, Editor(s)

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