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Proceedings Paper

Excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy (SFS) investigations of gastrointestinal tissues
Author(s): Ts. Genova; E. Borisova; Al. Zhelyazkova; O. Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya; N. Penkov; M. Keremedchiev; B. Vladimirov; L. Avramov
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Paper Abstract

In this report we will present our recent investigations of the fluorescence properties of lower part gastrointestinal tissues using excitation-emission matrix and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy measurement modalities. The spectral peculiarities observed will be discussed and the endogenous sources of the fluorescence signal will be addressed. For these fluorescence spectroscopy measurements the FluoroLog 3 system (HORIBA Jobin Yvon, France) was used. It consists of a Xe lamp (300 W, 200-650 nm), a double mono-chromators, and a PMT detector with a work region at 220- 850 nm. Autofluorescence signals were detected in the form of excitation-emission matrices for the samples of normal mucosa, dysphasia and colon carcinoma and specific spectral features for each tissue were found. Autofluorescence signals from the same samples are observed through synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, which is a novel promising modality for fluorescence spectroscopy measurements of bio-samples. It is one of the most powerful techniques for multicomponent analysis, because of its sensitivity. In the SFS regime, the fluorescence signal is recorded while both excitation λexc and emission wavelengths λem are simultaneously scanned. A constant wavelength interval is maintained between the λexc and λem wavelengths throughout the spectrum. The resulted fluorescence spectrum shows narrower peak widths, in comparison with EEMs, which are easier for identification and minimizes the chance for false determinations or pretermission of specific spectral feature. This modality is also faster, than EEMs, a much smaller number of data points are required.1 In our measurements we use constant wavelength interval Δλ in the region of 10-200 nm. Measurements are carried out in the terms of finding Δλ, which results in a spectrum with most specific spectral features for comparison with spectral characteristics observed in EEMs. Implementing synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy in optical methods for analyzing biological tissues could result in a better differentiation between normal and dysplastic tissue. Thus could establish fluorescence imaging as a diagnostic modality among optical techniques applied in clinical practice.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 January 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9447, 18th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, 94470X (8 January 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177674
Show Author Affiliations
Ts. Genova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
E. Borisova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
Al. Zhelyazkova, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)
O. Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, N.G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State Univ. (Russian Federation)
N. Penkov, Tsaritsa Yoanna-ISUL Univ. Hospital (Bulgaria)
M. Keremedchiev, Tsaritsa Yoanna-ISUL Univ. Hospital (Bulgaria)
B. Vladimirov, Tsaritsa Yoanna-ISUL Univ. Hospital (Bulgaria)
L. Avramov, Institute of Electronics (Bulgaria)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9447:
18th International School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications
Tanja Dreischuh; Sanka Gateva; Alexandros Serafetinides, Editor(s)

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