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Proceedings Paper

Chromium speciation using large scale plasmas in a lab and towards field deployable speciation by employing a battery-operated microplasma-on-a-chip and optical emission spectrometry
Author(s): Jenisse German; Vassili Karanassios
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Paper Abstract

Chemical speciation is defined as the determination of the concentration of an analyte (e.g., Chromium or Cr) in the oxidation state in which it exists in the environment (e.g., sea water). Determinations of the concentration of different Cr-species is important due to toxicity differences of the different oxidation states of Cr. For example, Cr(III) is regarded as generally non-toxic and is considered as an essential micro-nutrient. But Cr(VI) is considered as carcinogenic. In this paper, speciation methods for Cr in sea water samples using large scale plasmas, such as an ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma) and steps taken toward using a microplasma are described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 May 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9482, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII, 948203 (14 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177511
Show Author Affiliations
Jenisse German, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Vassili Karanassios, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9482:
Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII
Mark A. Druy; Richard A. Crocombe; David P. Bannon, Editor(s)

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