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Proceedings Paper

A guide for human factors research with stereoscopic 3D displays
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Paper Abstract

In this work, we provide some common methods, techniques, information, concepts, and relevant citations for those conducting human factors-related research with stereoscopic 3D (S3D) displays. We give suggested methods for calculating binocular disparities, and show how to verify on-screen image separation measurements. We provide typical values for inter-pupillary distances that are useful in such calculations. We discuss the pros, cons, and suggested uses of some common stereovision clinical tests. We discuss the phenomena and prevalence rates of stereoanomalous, pseudo-stereoanomalous, stereo-deficient, and stereoblind viewers. The problems of eyestrain and fatigue-related effects from stereo viewing, and the possible causes, are enumerated. System and viewer crosstalk are defined and discussed, and the issue of stereo camera separation is explored. Typical binocular fusion limits are also provided for reference, and discussed in relation to zones of comfort. Finally, the concept of measuring disparity distributions is described. The implications of these issues for the human factors study of S3D displays are covered throughout.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2015
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9470, Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IX; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XX, 94700A (21 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2176997
Show Author Affiliations
John P. McIntire, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Paul R. Havig, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Alan R. Pinkus, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9470:
Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IX; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XX
Daniel D. Desjardins; Peter L. Marasco; Kalluri R. Sarma; Paul R. Havig, Editor(s)

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