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Proceedings Paper

Target detection in desert backgrounds: infrared hyperspectral measurements and analysis
Author(s): Michael T. Eismann; John H. Seldin; Craig R. Schwartz; James R. Maxwell; Kenneth K. Ellis; Jack N. Cederquist; Alan D. Stocker; Ara Oshagan; Ray O. Johnson; William A. Shaffer; Marc R. Surette; Martin J. McHugh; Alan P. Schaum; Larry B. Stotts
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Paper Abstract

Infrared multispectral sensors are being investigated as a means for day and night target detection. Infrared multispectral sensors would exploit high spectral band-to-band correlation to reject high background clutter. An infrared Fourier transform spectrometer-based field measurement system was used to collect spectral signature data of targets and desert scrub and sand backgrounds from a 100 foot tower at White Sands Missile Range. The measurements include target-to-background spectral contrast, subpixel targets, background spectral correlation, and background spatial power spectra. The measurements have been analyzed to determine multispectral signal-to-clutter ratios versus target, background, diurnal, and weather variations, background correlation versus temperature clutter variations, and spectral correlation versus spatial scale. These measurements contribute to the expanding target and background infrared hyperspectral signature database. The results of the analysis demonstrate the utility and robustness of infrared multispectral techniques for target detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1995
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 2561, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1995, (1 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.217672
Show Author Affiliations
Michael T. Eismann, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
John H. Seldin, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
Craig R. Schwartz, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
James R. Maxwell, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
Kenneth K. Ellis, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
Jack N. Cederquist, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (United States)
Alan D. Stocker, Space Computer Corp. (United States)
Ara Oshagan, Space Computer Corp. (United States)
Ray O. Johnson, Air Force Wright Lab. (United States)
William A. Shaffer, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Marc R. Surette, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Martin J. McHugh, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Alan P. Schaum, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Larry B. Stotts, ARPA (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2561:
Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 1995
Oliver E. Drummond, Editor(s)

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