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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of a highly variable curvature mirror: testing and results
Author(s): Marc Ferrari; Silvio P. Mazzanti; Gerard R. Lemaitre
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Paper Abstract

A variable curvature mirror is a powerful device that can increase the field of view of optical interferometers. Such a mirror is being developed for the coherent combined focus of the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope Interferometer. The variable focal length permits positioning of the pupil image of an individual telescope at a precise location after the delay-line. This property is necessary to exactly remap homothetically the output pupil configuration at the image beamcombiner. Given the large zoom range that is needed in the delay line, when the mirror is not stressed the optical surface is a plane while it is convex with f/2.5 at maximum stress. The mirror itself is a very small stainless steel meniscus, with a 300 micrometers thickness, because only the high elasticity of such material allows to achieve the full domain of curvature. The thickness distribution of the meniscus is calculated using elasticity theory and a set of non-linear equations valid for the case of a large deformation. The realization of this micro-optic active device requires advanced techniques in optical fabrication and in particular high precision manufacturing with numerical command lathe. This article also presents the testing of this highly Variable Curvature Mirror and the surface quality obtained within the full curvature range.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 August 1995
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2576, International Conference on Optical Fabrication and Testing, (2 August 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.215606
Show Author Affiliations
Marc Ferrari, Observatoire de Marseille (France)
Silvio P. Mazzanti, Observatoire de Marseille (France)
Gerard R. Lemaitre, Observatoire de Marseille (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2576:
International Conference on Optical Fabrication and Testing
Toshio Kasai, Editor(s)

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