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Proceedings Paper

4D flight guidance displays: an approach to flight safety enhancement
Author(s): Christian Below; Harro von Viebahn; Matthias Hammer
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Paper Abstract

The pilot's achievement of situation awareness (SA) remains a challenge for cockpit designers. Various mainly technology driven solutions were suggested to improve SA. Another approach is the integration of data and the presentation of predictive data. This approach was pursued by the development of a perspective, pictorial display format for transport aircraft. The 4D- Display and the accompanying Navigation-Display greatly enhance pilots' awareness regarding their situation relative to terrain, obstacles, aircraft in the vicinity and virtual elements. Since most of the information is contained in a graphical way, it can intuitively be seized by the observer. Especially in phases of high workload, the highly pre-processed information and its redundant and predictive presentation will significantly contribute to pilots' situation awareness. The displays were integrated into a fixed based flight simulator. Experiments with airline pilots showed that the perspective symbology reduced the pilot's workload and at the same time, improved the tracking of the demanded flight path. In order to provide the required graphics processing power for complex pictorial displays VDO-L develops a high performance symbol generator which meets the demands of prospective applications. The multi-processor system has been designed for modular avionics architectures and it provides full 2D and 3D capabilities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 June 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2463, Synthetic Vision for Vehicle Guidance and Control, (30 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.212737
Show Author Affiliations
Christian Below, VDO-Luftfahrtgeraete Werk (Germany)
Harro von Viebahn, VDO-Luftfahrtgeraete Werk (Germany)
Matthias Hammer, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2463:
Synthetic Vision for Vehicle Guidance and Control
Jacques G. Verly, Editor(s)

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