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Proceedings Paper

Comprehensive numerical model for cw vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
Author(s): G. Ronald Hadley; Kevin L. Lear; Mial E. Warren; Kent D. Choquette; Jeff W. Scott; Scott W. Corzine
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Paper Abstract

We present a comprehensive numerical model for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers that includes all major processes effecting cw operation of axisymmetric devices. In particular, our model includes a description of the 2D transport of electrons and holes through the cladding layers to the quantum well(s), diffusion and recombination processes of these carriers within the wells, the 2D transport of heat throughout the device, and a multilateral-mode effective index optical model. The optical gain acquired by photons traversing the quantum wells is computed including the effects of strained band structure and quantum confinement. We employ our model to predict the behavior of higher-order lateral modes in proton-implanted devices, and to provide an understanding of index-guiding in devices fabricated using selective oxidation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2399, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices III, (19 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.212511
Show Author Affiliations
G. Ronald Hadley, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Kevin L. Lear, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Mial E. Warren, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Kent D. Choquette, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Jeff W. Scott, Optical Concepts, Inc. (United States)
Scott W. Corzine, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2399:
Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices III
Marek Osinski; Weng W. Chow, Editor(s)

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