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Proceedings Paper

Multiple neural network approaches to clinical expert systems
Author(s): Derek F. Stubbs
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Paper Abstract

We briefly review the concept of computer aided medical diagnosis and more extensively review the the existing literature on neural network applications in the field. Neural networks can function as simple expert systems for diagnosis or prognosis. Using a public database we develop a neural network for the diagnosis of a major presenting symptom while discussing the development process and possible approaches. MEDICAL EXPERTS SYSTEMS COMPUTER AIDED DIAGNOSIS Biomedicine is an incredibly diverse and multidisciplinary field and it is not surprising that neural networks with their many applications are finding more and more applications in the highly non-linear field of biomedicine. I want to concentrate on neural networks as medical expert systems for clinical diagnosis or prognosis. Expert Systems started out as a set of computerized " ifthen" rules. Everything was reduced to boolean logic and the promised land of computer experts was said to be in sight. It never came. Why? First the computer code explodes as the number of " ifs" increases. All the " ifs" have to interact. Second experts are not very good at reducing expertise to language. It turns out that experts recognize patterns and have non-verbal left-brain intuition decision processes. Third learning by example rather than learning by rule is the way natural brains works and making computers work by rule-learning is hideously labor intensive. Neural networks can learn from example. They learn the results

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 1990
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 1294, Applications of Artificial Neural Networks, (1 August 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.21195
Show Author Affiliations
Derek F. Stubbs, Upjohn Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1294:
Applications of Artificial Neural Networks
Steven K. Rogers, Editor(s)

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