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Proceedings Paper

Achromatic phase-shifters for broadband interferometry
Author(s): Parameswaran Hariharan; Philip E. Ciddor
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Paper Abstract

Many interferometric measurements require the introduction of a controllable phase shift in one of the beams. This is commonly done by changing the optical path length by means of a tilting glass plate or a mirror mounted on a piezo-electric translator, but the change in the phase of the beam is then strongly dependent on the wavelength. An alternative way to shift the phase of a beam is by means of the Pancharatnam phase. This is the phase shift experienced by a light beam as a result of a cyclic change in its state of polarization. We show how the Pancharatnam phase can be exploited to produce a series of achromatic phase-shifters. One such device uses mica half-wave and quarter-wave retarders and produces a phase shift proportional to the rotation of one element which is independent of the wavelength from 450 nm to 700 nm. Another uses two quarter-wave retarders and two ferroelectric liquid-crystal devices which can be switched to produce phase shifts of 0 degrees, 90 degrees, and 180 degrees which are nearly independent of the wavelength over a wide range of wavelengths.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 1995
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2544, Interferometry VII: Techniques and Analysis, (14 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.211868
Show Author Affiliations
Parameswaran Hariharan, CSIRO (Australia)
Philip E. Ciddor, CSIRO (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2544:
Interferometry VII: Techniques and Analysis
Malgorzata Kujawinska; Ryszard J. Pryputniewicz; Mitsuo Takeda, Editor(s)

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